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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 20, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spot? i'll show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it is the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable.
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i've lived in this city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is bbc "world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. a university in pakistan comes under attack. at least 20 people were killed by the gunfire and explosions. plunging oil prices take the market for a wild ride. the dow jones closes down 250 points after a day that had investors begging for relief. touring buckingham palace without leaving the comfort of your couch. a virtual tour is giving people a peek inside the queen's home. ♪
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katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. students in pakistan jumped from buildings and ran for their lives after militants attacked their university. at least 20 people were killed in the assault. the assault included gun and grenade attacks. there was a fierce firefight that lasted several hours. the bbc has more. commandos raced across open fields as the militants opened fire on students and staff inside. believed tos are have scaled the walls at the back of the campus under the cover of the early morning thick fog. the attack lasted almost three hours.
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military and special forces made their way in, eventually killing 4 gunmen, who were also to have been wearing suicide vests. the only way for those inside to escape was through the main gates. it was devastation inside. walls covered in bullet holes. a sign of the shock and panic as students and staff fled for their lives. >> there was so much panic and fear that a friend of mine jumped from the university building. the building is very high, but he jumped because he was so scared. we heard the militants chanting "allah is the greatest." correspondent: the wounded were rushed to the hospital, traumatized and often inconsolable. bacha khan university has
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connections with eight -- with a military party that's has had problems with militants in the past. an attack inind the shower in 2014 in which 132 killed.ildren were today's attack will raise questions about why the militants are still able to attack soft targets like this university, and how effective the military operation has been when a mix of militant networks is evolving on the pakistan half afghan border. many took to the streets to condemn the attack. many families across the country and again will fear sending their children to school the next day. ,charsadda, northwestern pakistan. katty: i spoke with a professor
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at the johns hopkins school and the author of "no exit for pakistan." those images are reminiscent of the attack. do you think they were the same people? there's every reason to believe that it is a faction of the same group. with: there was confusion one faction of the taliban claiming it, but another saying the attack was on islamic. islamic. blame this more on mixed messaging then the tally than trying to discount to their involvement for the broader public, and other parts of the taliban wanting to show they are a part of it to hit back against the army. they are hitting different audiences with different messages. they know that they will be hit back hard on this one. i the security forces.
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that they question would rather so some doubt as to what happened and who did what. what is the situation between the security forces and the taliban? they are hitting them hard, as hard as they can? either elements of the pakistani security forces that are still turning a blind eye? thehere are elements of pakistani security forces, and broader and higher than that, who are turning a blind eye to elements of the terror groups based in pakistan. i have little doubt the pakistani army chief and most of the rest of the army are in a fairly significant offensive against the pakistani taliban. in washington we believe there are other groups, the afghan pakistan, anti-indian terror groups, they have not been going after. there is a mixture of good guys
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and bad guys, and that has not entirely changed. katty: what about the group from pakistan there are new groups? even if they are determined to clamp down on the pakistani elements of the taliban, can they keep up with what is happening on the fragile border? >> it is a matter of keeping up. is a constantly shifting cast of characters. this is a very long-term fight. it is not one that would be one with a
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along the border. a problem of state legitimacy, or lack thereof. deeper problems of education. a lack of good governance. while the military has to clamp down, even if it does there will still be axl violence. you cannot make soft targets 100% safe. katty: thank you for coming in. financial trade on wall street found themselves on a rocky ride with stocks dropping early. they regained some ground. at one point the dow was off by 500 points. stocks had recovered somewhat. the flagship index ended 250 points lower. the plunging price of oil is the biggest factor on the market with the u.s. crude continuing its 18-month slide, dropping below $27 a barrel. for more on the mayhem i'm editor ofthe economic the wall street journal in washington. are we looking at a short-term crisis or a long-term slump in the market? more and thenng we were in prior years in terms of volatility. it has been a volatile day in
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the market, a volatile month, it will probably be a volatile year. this started with concern over global growth and china picking up in mobile markets. it has turned into a panic about everything under the sun -- currencies, the role of central banks, and the price of oil and how far it will drop. katty: our rewrite that oil is a driver in the slump today? >> it has been the driver for weeks. we have seen a huge supply from the u.s., and much of opec pumping as much as they can. that will create a glut of oil. there is concern about slowing demand that is spooking traders and pushing oil down further. there is very little sign of a bottom in oil prices. that is what everyone is waiting for. katty: the supply is here to stay. demand may take up, but not to
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match what supply has risen. they will have to get used to the fact we may have oil below $30 a barrel for some time. >> they're starting to get used to it. oil below $30 a barrel should be good for most of the economy, it should be good for the u.s. economy given how much consumption occurs. it will be a puzzle. the u.s. is such a big producer there are other effects. a lot of investors, what they are fearing is beyond what is happening in consumption and investment, and more of what is happening in the investment space. there are so many junk bonds tied to energy and they're waiting to see if that ripples through the financial sector that could take the rest of the market down. inty: how does that play out market and the rest of >> the economy, globally? >>you need to see stabilization in prices.
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when you see stabilization you can have a larger discussion of where growth will be, the damage from oil prices in the u.s. and abroad, and what the next steps are -- where will we see overall economic growth? will we be able to avoid a recession in the united states? which a lot of the world is worried about, it has not been much of a concern in the united states, but that is the backdrop. world,news around the seven afghan employees of a private television come anywhere killed in a suicide attack in the capital of kabul. they struck a bus carrying 30 employees of the popular television station as they were on their way home in the early evening. it is not clear which group staged the assault. cut the number of asylum cases they accept. capped att would be 37,000 44 years.
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he called it an emergency solution. the dates relieved by the u.s. and government agencies show 2015 was the hottest year on record by the widest ever margin. the global average was nearly 15 than it wasius more in 2014. scientists say the rise is a combination of the el niño weather event and an increase in greenhouse gas emissions. for those of you who feel there is not enough drama in the u.s. presidential campaign, there was good news today. sarah palin is on the campaign trail supporting donald trump. the day after she endorsed the republican front-runner, the former vice presidential nominee fired up crowds with a stump speech. with days before the first votes are cast in iowa, every candidate is looking for an
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edge. jon sopel has more. mr. trump: i would like to bring up governor sarah palin, a special, special person. jon: it is not often donald trumped with brazenness, but he was when sarah announced her arrival in trademark style. sarah palin: are you ready for a commander in chief? are you ready for a commander in chief that will lead our warriors do their job and cake isis' ass? it was not so much a speech as a series of small explosions -- taking aim at the president, sure, but also the republican establishment. sarah palin: you are sounding angry is what we are hearing. you are right we are angry. playing up a donald trump as the outsider.
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sarah palin: he is from the private sector. can i get a hallelujah? in the private sector you have to balance budgets and prioritize. past 2-year sarah palin has been absent from the political front line, concentrating on being a reality. she is still a darling of the tea party right and the evangelical party. in iowa, that matters. she is gaffe-prone, as we saw when she ran for vice president eight years ago. i love hockey moms. the difference between hockey moms and pitbulls? lipstick. jon: there is often a slip. sarah palin: you can see russia from land in alaska. the danger is while sarah palin may help to win over the right in iowa, she wil island eight -- she well alienate
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mainstream voters. that could be as big of a disaster as it was when they were filmed eating pizza together in new york -- with a knife and fork -- no one does that. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. more on the drama of both sides of the political race i spoke with matthew dowd. he joined me from austin, texas. when this could not look like wee than a reality tv show, get sarah palin. a blast from the past. could she help donald trump? interesting we have a reality tv star that became a politician that now has a politician that became a reality tv star endorsing him. he is probably one of the most powerful among gop primary voters and among certain groups of gop primary voters. she is more popular than any of
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the candidates running among the gop. in new mind that hampshire, iowa, and south in senateshe waded and governor's races and all of her candidates won in those states that are key of the election. it will help him in the short term in the primary races. nothing else, what have we been talking about? the fax sarah palin is out with donald trump. as as if he needed more free media. matthew: when i used to run these races, you count up the number of days until election night. you try to win as many of the days, the media days. donald trump is an expert of that. every time you think he has lost his shtick, he dropped something like this into the middle. night and today, we are
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talking about sarah palin and donald trump. donald trump understands that if he wins the iowa caucuses he wraps up the gop race quickly. he wins iowa, new hampshire, south carolina, and the dominoes fall. he knows if he loses iowa to someone like ted cruz then the race gets more complicated and convoluted. he understands and wants to close the race as fast as he can. katty: that is partly why we will be watching iowa. let's talk about the democratic side. there is the assumption, particularly for many viewers world, that hillary clinton is the de facto nominee. she has a bit of a challenge. matthew: she absolutely has a challenge. she will lose new hampshire by double digits. i do not think it will be as big polls have said,
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but it is a big loss for her. liking at the momentum, she will probably lose iowa. if she loses iowa and new hampshire, she is still favored, but the race takes on a different tenor and goes longer. who would have guessed that it is 12-days until iowa and 12-months until the next president is inaugurated, but it would have guessed that there was a possibility the republican race would have wrapped up faster than the democratic race. katty: and who donald trump could be a possibility against bernie sanders? electionen one wild campaign. still to come on tonight's program, getting a closer view of the russian strikes in syria. we are on the air race from where the planes depart. swedish rights activist who has been in custody since early january at.
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on chinese television confessing breaking the law from his work. some say this is trial by tv. paraded before the cameras. >> i violated chinese law with my activities here. apologize, and i'm very sorry that this happened. correspondent: mr. dahlin is accused of using foreign money to help undermine the state. the company he founded dismissed allegations saying he was probably forced to speak. he --e foreign minister the chinese foreign ministry spokesman said that mr. dahlin admitted his crimes and apologized.
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china uses television confessions to show the love being upheld. onre was an admission television showing how he disappeared from his holiday home in thailand and turned up in china professing to something that happened a decade ago. there has been a long list of wrongdoing on prime time television. a british investigator and journalist are two that have admitted to allegations made against them. this is a chinese-style public any trial.before tried his overhauling its legal system and wants to make it more fair for everyone. it is not clear how television confessions enhance the rule of law. bbc news. ♪ katty: russia says it has
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dropped 50 tons of humanitarian a syrian town in five days. the town is under government control but is besieged by rebels. at the same time moscow warplanes are conducting bombing raids. 50 targets have been struck in the last 24-hours alone. steve rosen work reports from the russian base in latakia. steve: it is still russian bombers that dominate the skies. we last visited russia's air base two months ago. today, we noticed an extra runway and extra security. the s-400 rocket launcher was brought in after turkey shot down a russian jet in november. launched in syria and operation 3.5 months ago, russian air forces have carried out near latakia. .t has boosted president assad
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the russians put on display their firepower today. we were shown how they load missiles onto their most advanced bombers. how accurate are the russian airstrikes? has claimedts group unguided russian munitions has caused hundred of civilian -- hundreds of civilian deaths. russia denies it. there is nothing new about statements like this, the general tells me. we hear them all the time. we never see any facts or proof. are you saying after nearly 6000 russian bombings, no civilian casualties have been caused? >> da. , says therrect general.
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now, there is a humanitarian operation. this is food and medicine for a syrian town besieged by fighters from the so-called islamic state . it will be dropped by parachute. the russians are trying to show that instead of harming civilians, they are trying to help them. -- steveen rosenberg, bbc news, latakia. katty: imagine instead of learning about buckingham palace out on thesroom use throne and surveyed the royal rooms without flying to london. a smart phone, some school children will be able to do that by taking a 3-d tour, or what google calls a virtual field trip. our world correspondent has the details. we know it buckingham palace looks like from the
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outside. unless you pay to join the summer tour is, it has been impossible until now to get a sense of what it is like to be inside. that is about to change thanks to a viewer made out of cardboard and a smartphone. a joint mission by buckingham palace and google has yielded the first virtual reality visit to several of the palace's public rooms. here we are in the ballroom. the setting for banquets and best to toots. the image moves with you. you find yourself virtually sitting on the throne. the image is 3-d. as you move around the state rooms, you get a sense of scale and depth. this is the palace picture gallery, an opportunity to look at the priceless art collections. there are works by rembrandt,
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-- ns, and by the fireplace the officials were approached with the idea two months ago. everyone, right to the top, approved and are delighted with the results. it exceeded my expectations. it surpassed any other previous efforts to produce a virtual visit to the palace. it is fully immersive and as close as you can get to being in the palace without being there. nicholas: at the moment this is a project specifically for schools and not available to the general public, but it is a start to bring the treasures of buckingham palace to a wider audience. nicholas witchell, bbc news. katty: i will have to get my kids on that virtual tour. that brings today's program to a close. you can find today's news on our
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website. to reach me and the bbc team you can reach us on twitter. im @kattykaybbc. please tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spot? i'll show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll.
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it is the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable. i've lived in this city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening. i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff . >> ifill: on the newshour tonight: we go to the community of flint, michigan where a water crisis put the governor on the defensive and residents outraged. >> woodruff: also ahead this wednesday: the virus now found in 20 countries and causing brain damage in infants. >> ifill: then, we catch up with two reporters on the campaign trail to go beyond the polls in iowa and new hampshire. >> woodruff: and the second conversation in our series on understanding autism. telling the many stories of the disorder. >> some guy stood up and said, "hey, he's got autism. what's your problem? what's your reason for acting like a jerk?" and what happeneda


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